India's Contribution in Worlds Scenerio
Key International Human Rights Treaties to which India is a Party
As of November 2000,India was a party to the following International Treaties drawn-up under the auspices of the United Nations:
- International Covenant on Economic,Social and Cultural Rights
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
- International Covention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid
- International Convention against Apartheid in Sports
- Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
- Convention on the Non-applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity
- Convention on the rights of the Child
- Convention on the Political Rights of Women
- Slavery Convention of 1926
- 1953 Protocol amending the 1926 Slavery Convention
- Slavery Convention of 1926 amended
- Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery,the Slave Trade,and Institutions and Practices similar to Slavery
- Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others
Voluntary Pledges and Commitments by India
India is seeking election to the Human Rights Council at the elections to be held at the United Nations in New York on 9 May 2006.
India has a long tradition of promoting and protecting human rights. it was privileged to be in the forefront of the struggle against apartheid since even before India's independence. India's commitment to promoting and protecting human rights flows from well being of citizens can only be guaranteed through a culture of protection and promotion of human rights.
The Indian constitution enshrines India's commitment to human rights by guaranteeing to its citizens fundamental political and civil rights. special provisions for the progressive realization and enforcement of economic, social and cultural rights have also been provided for constitutionally. India has taken an important initiative for the empowerment of women by reserving one third of all seats for women in urban and local self government, thus bringing over one million women at the grassroots level into political decision making with the launch of the national Rural employment guarantee programme of February 1, 2006, the right to work has been operationalised in India.
The independent and impartial Indian judiciary has delivered far reaching pronouncements on the protection and promotion of human rights. The National Human Rights Commission, a powerful and independent body, monitors human rights developments in India and shares its experience and expertise with its counterparts in other countries. The free and independent media in India plays a crucial role in promoting respect for and monitoring of human rights. Civil society in India is among the most vibrant anywhere the world.
India is a committed supporter of the UN human rights system and the promotion and protection of human rights is ingrained in its domestic and foreign policy. It has been active in deliberations on human rights in international for a and in the development of widely accepted international norms. India is a large, democratic, multiethnic, multi religious, multi lingual, and multi lingual, and multi cultural society, whose presence on the new human Rights Council would bring a perspective of straddling all divides fo pluralism, moderation and balance from a country that has consistently demonstrated in practice is commitment to human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Against this backdrop, India voluntarily makes the following pledges and commitments : India will continue to abide by its national mechanisms and procedures to promote and protect the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all its citizens.
India will maintain the independence, autonomy as well as genuine powers of investigation of national human rights bodies, including the national human rights commission, National Commission for women, National commission for minorities, national commission for Scheduled castes and Scheduled Tribes, and National commission for Backward Classes, as mandated by Indian constitution and laws. India will continue to foster a culture of transparency, openness and accountability in the functioning of the Government, as enacted in the path breaking Right to information Act. India will continue to encourage efforts by civil society seeking to protect and promote human rights. India will continue to work to wards progressive realization of the right to work. India will be expanding the implementation of its recently instituted Rural Employment Guarantee Programme, Which provides for 100 days of assured employment annually to every rural household in the country.
India will continue to promote the social, economic and political empowerment of women in India by affimative actions, gender mainstreaming in national planning, gender budgeting formation of women self help groups. India will work towards elimination of discrimination and violence against women through legislative measures as well as effective implementation of existing policies, India, having actively and constructively participated in the multilateral negotiations that led to the establishment of the new human Rights Council, will work to make the Human Rights council a strong, effective and efficient body capable of promoting and protecting human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.
India will engage constructively in the evolution of modalities and mandates of the human rights council as envisaged in UNGA resolution A/RES/60/251, and in the reform of the United Nations human rights machinery. India will participate actively in the work of the human rights council in norm setting in the field of human rights. India will participate constructively in developing modalities for universal periodic review by the human rights council and in reviewing and strengthening the system of special procedures and other expert mechanisms of the council. India will continue to support the office of the UN High commissioner of Human Rights, including through making regular voluntary contributions, so as to strengthen the promotion and protection of human rights worldwide.
India will strive for the full realization of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the rights the right to development. India will continue to support UN bodies such as UNICEF, UNIFEM, UNFPA, UN Democracy Fund, etc. that have a role in contributing to the protection and promotion of human rights, India recently contributed US $ 0.9 million to UNICEF and US $ 10 million to the UN Democracy Fund. India will work actively with other UN Member states and relevant UN bodies for renewal and reform of the UN treaty body system; India will work towards promotion and protection of human rights based on the principles of cooperation and genuine dialogue. India will cooperate with states, upon request, in their implementation of human rights obligations through capacity building by way of technical cooperation, human rights dialogues and exchange of experts.
India will continue to actively support domestic and international processes that seek to advance empowerment of women and women's rights and gender equality. India will continue to actively support domestic and international processes that advance the rights of the child. India will work for the implementation of the Beijing declaration and platform of action, the Copenhagen declaration and plan of action, and other outcomes of the major international conferences. India will continue to actively participate in an support the negotiations for a new UN Convention for Persons with Disabilities.